Mindful Occupation: Part II

In a previous post, I described my initial involvement with #occupymentalhealth and birth of our forthcoming zine Mindful Occupation: Rising Up Without Burning Out.

I alluded to the heated debates that emerged around our work on this  zine and my direct participation in the local NYC ‘Support’ working group. It was through these deliberative processes and exchanges that I rediscovered the promise Occupy’s discursive ‘public space’.

As a researcher of the radical mental health movement, I recognized a unique opportunity in Liberty Park to explore the rhetoric around mental health, in context. I was hopeful that the activists involved in supporting the health and safety of the #OWS community would be critical of mainstream corporate medical models, and would be very receptive to alternative perspectives and language. The discussions that ensued were provocative and transformative, and  the experiences have helped me crystallize future directions in my research.

As the occupiers settled into Liberty Park the task of self-governance grew in scale, with complexity that rivaled running a small town. Dozens of working groups sprung up to meet the challenge of non-hierarchical, self-governance — many committed to modeling the kind of society they dreamt of living in, rather than replicating existing broken forms. The working groups took responsibility for the protester’s basic human needs – food, shelter, sanitation, safety, spirituality – as well as organizing, maintaining, and sustaining the occupation, over the short/medium/long term.

A number of working groups took up the challenge of maintaining the heath and well-being of the protesters, and in New York City these groups  organized themselves into the Safety Cluster. The Safety Cluster included people committed to mediation, non-violent communication, security and deescalation, as well as people committed to anti-oppression and reducing sexual harassment (the Safer Spaces working group). Additionally, there was a working group calling itself ‘Support’ that had been operating as a subgroup of the Medic working group. The Support group was comprised primarily of mental health professionals – social workers, chaplains, psychiatrists, and a few non-traditional emotional support practitioners. Together, the safety cluster developed protocols for handling interpersonal conflicts in the park, and organized nightly “community watch” shifts, where members of the community organized to support protesters, and identify and defuse conflict.

While some of my fellow collaborators on the Mindful Occupation zine felt more comfortable working with the Safer Spaces working group, I realized that the best education  happens outside of our comfort zones. Tension and conflict are inherent properties of activism, as activists attempt to question and dislodge accepted norms.

Initially, I thought that this particular group of mental health professionals would be very receptive to questioning psychiatry’s mainstream medical models. These individuals were volunteering  their time and energy at #OWS.  As it turned out, although I found many sympathizers and allies among the Support group, I was stunned by the systemic efforts to silence and marginalize voices from outside the mainstream. While many of the Support volunteers were fully engaged in critiquing social and economic injustice in the world at large, few seemed prepared to apply a self-reflective critique of their entrenched beliefs and professional norms.

Through countless interminable meetings and mailings, I witnessed efforts to exclude the voices of those without formal expertise and training. Voices outside of the mainstream had difficulty getting their issues on the meeting agenda and were actively excluded from some events and conversations. I remained committed to working with the Support group, although I did not always feel welcome.

Within the Support group, proposals were raised for the “community watch” volunteers to wear identifying badges which included their profession (e.g. social worker, chaplain, psychiatrist) and license number, and for an active recruitment of more psychiatrists to patrol Liberty park. Some of the medics insisted on “clearing” all of their patients medically, before turning them over to social and emotional support. Sounds reasonable until you begin to question what’s medical, and more importantly, what’s not? A head trauma might be medical, but what about a chemical imbalance? If all conditions are ‘medical’, then all authority around health and well being has been effectively ceded to a narrow range of medical specialists.

In subtler ways, i believe that some of the work in this group contributed to an atmosphere of fear and control in the park. Support’s role-plays often focused on the most violent scenarios, invoking the stereotype of the knife-wielding psychotic, and priming those on community watch to bring this anxiety with them throughout their encounters in the park. While the violence and sexual harassment in the park were unfortunately very real, some of the efforts to prevent these behaviors may have exacerbated them.

I witnessed that the providers of mental health services, with rare exceptions, found it incredibly difficult to listen to the recipients of their services. To ask and solicit opinions and stories, and incorporate their experience and judgment into the congress of their decision making.

I developed fresh insights into radical mental health through these encounters, that opened my eyes to much of what I had grown to take for granted. I learned that radical mental health has less to do with any particular dogmatic position — around hospitalization, medication, coercion, or diagnoses — and everything to do with authority and knowledge production. I learned that it is hard to find a proposition more radical than the disability rights mantra – Nothing about us without us!


5 Responses to “Mindful Occupation: Part II”

  1. January 2nd, 2012 | 8:31 pm

    […] Posts Mindful Occupation: Part IIMindful Occupation: Part IThe People's Droneswhen networks eat themselvesIf I forget you, O […]

  2. January 3rd, 2012 | 3:46 pm

    sounds like it was a worthwhile effort if it allowed you to better understand what this viewpoint faces even in an activist camp

  3. Mary
    January 5th, 2012 | 2:46 am

    A friend shared your article…as he just went through a small melt down tonight on facebook….this was my response to him, plus I was hoping the link might show you that you’re not alone in the quest to deal with this issue…..it has been tackled before (in it’s own way based on different perameters)………………..It’s an interesting article…I myself think he partly solved his frustration problems, just by finding a purpose that could use his abilities and work towards a goal he could see tangible results. As with you…the fight goes on and on..without much in the way of victories…at least not much in these early stages. It can cause lots of emotions to deal with, along with the daily focus of staying the course. For me, the idea of doing the laundry helps me to realize I can do ‘something’ to support the movement in ways that produce tangible results. I so would love to do more, be there more, donate more (I did give some stuff) etc, but time and funds are limited..and I am still finding ‘my way’ into the movement. This gives me some feeling of accomplishment. I also recommend watching (which I would like to share with the author) a master of dealing with treating others as equals, no hierarchy preaching, ‘treating’ patients whether they be medical or psychological….Patch Adams….this video explains how he has a totally different concept that he has been working for years….one that is totally in tune with how many in occupy wish to transform how we interact with each other. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CdCrPBqQALc

  4. Annie
    May 19th, 2012 | 6:33 pm

    Hi Jonah,
    Awesome to talk with you yesterday.

    This is very interesting, and it’s illuminating to hear your perspectives and about your observations here. I guess it shows how much work we have to do. (Hope we’ll talk more later about all this.)

    I was hoping to respond to a point you made in this post, and perhaps we could discuss this more later as well. You wrote, “I realized that the best education happens outside of our comfort zones. Tension and conflict are inherent properties of activism, as activists attempt to question and dislodge accepted norms.”

    Yes, I agree. I think my hesitation about (me) writing this article right now is, I currently lack a core of people, in person, who AGREE with me about mental health. Without these people, I feel it would be extremely difficult for me to communicate effectively to “other” people WHILE maintaining the integrity of the cause (or the message, if you will), and not killing myself emotionally / burning myself out trying to effect change, feeling as though I’m in it by myself, facing a universe of ignorance.

    I’ve heard, perhaps some activists talk too much amongst themselves without pushing themselves to go outside their comfort zones and talk to “other” people. I think I have the opposite problem, at least right now. This is why I’m not sure this project would be the best way for me to contribute to the cause, especially in the long term.

  5. Annie
    May 19th, 2012 | 6:59 pm

    I’m open to talking with more further about this, but this is an important point for me.

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